Puritan symbols

The Old Church of Langdon Hills – ‘St Mary and All Saints’ laid in a deteriorated state for many years until sold privately in 1973 and became converted into a private residence in 1975.
The change of residential use did not affect the churchyard and its upkeep is still the responsibility of the Langdon Hills Rector and his congregation. However, the current owner of the old church has also helped in keeping the churchyard in good condition.
In so doing he has uncovered a 1712 grave which had been covered by a bush for many years. It appears to be the oldest grave in the the churchyard, whereby the inscription can still be read.
What is interesting and fascinating is the symbol on the head stone. The question that arises is, what is the symbol depicting. After considerable amount of research, it is believed to be one of many types of Puritan symbols that have appeared on headstones from the early 1600s into the 1700s. These symbols of a death head or winged skull, reflect the strict orthodox puritan values. The death head with hollow eyes and grinning mouth depicts the soul’s voyage through death.
The occupant is Robert Benton, unfortunately we have not been able to find out any information on him other than we assume he was a puritan.
Essex and Suffolk during this time was a hot bed of Puritanism and our area seems to have been very active in challenging the established church. We have Christopher Martin of Great Burstead and the Mayflower story sailing to the New World in 1620.
Then we have Hugo Peters, though a Cornish man, resided in Laindon for a time possibly becoming the first schoolteacher at St Nicholas Church (Puckles School) and later its curate in the early 1620’s.  Along with his family and step-daughters Elizabeth Winthrop (nee Reade) and Margaret Lake (nee Reade) and her daughters Hannah and Martha from Wickford and North Benfleet area sailed to New England in 1635.
Wickford in Rhode Island is named after Elizabeth’s place of birth, and Hannah Lake is the 7th/8th Great-grandmother of presidents George H. W. Bush and George W. Bush.
So, it is not surprising to find grave stones in the area depicting Puritan symbols, for example there appear to be several in Great Burstead Churchyard, although they need to be cleaned so that we can read their inscriptions.
It would be interesting if we can find more in the other churchyards of the Basildon Borough.

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  • Hi Alan

    Thank you for your comments, I am very interested in the Puritan period. In fact we are working on erecting Blue Plaques for both Hannah Lake (Reade) and Elizabeth Winthrop (Reade). So any information you come across will be pleased to hear.

    By Kenneth F Porter (28/11/2022)
  • An interesting article, Ken. Very interesting indeed. I have traveled quite a lot in New England and am always interested in the many place names that obviously originated in Essex and East Anglia generally. As you point point out, Essex and the adjoining counties were a hotbed of Puritanism and Oliver Cromwell himself was born in Cambridgeshire. I have not come across a Laindon or Burstead or Stock, or Pitsea but scattered throughout Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island are the following. Middlesex and Essex counties, and the towns of Malden (e rather than o), Wickford, Chelmsford, Billerica (lost its y), Essex, Brentwood, Braintree, and Danbury.

    By alan davies (26/11/2022)
  • Hi Ellen

    Yes it is more or less opposite the porch

    By Kenneth F Porter (26/11/2022)
  • Hi Ken, Was that headstone down on the left hand side from the doors.?
    I remember as a child we often went down there, it was never spooky we were brought up to visit our relatives, loved looking at the headstones and remember seeing one from the 1700’s.
    I still find churchyards interesting, when I was researching my family tree Terry and I visited all villages in Essex and Norfolk where ancestors lived.

    By Ellen English (26/11/2022)

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